What are the advantages of hydrogen for South Tyrol?
Hydrogen technology is the technical answer to some of the most important issues of our time:
We often hear about the electrification of cars: is there any competition between battery and hydrogen-powered vehicles?
Both battery and hydrogen-powered vehicles are, as both have an electric motor, part of “e-mobility”. Both forms offer various pros and cons, but only together they can meet all mobility requirements. The Customers will make the final choice according to their need.
While hydrogen-powered vehicles offer greater range (400-500 km) and faster refuelling (3 minutes), battery vehicles have the advantage of lower operating costs and lower energy consumption. Battery-powered vehicles tend to be more suitable for short hops and urban use, while hydrogen-powered vehicles can also manage long distances on intercity and mountain routes.
There is currently a whole new approach in this field, with the best of both technologies being combined! According to a press release by BMW/Toyota, BMW’s i3 battery vehicle will be fitted with a fuel cell as a “range extender” from 2016: http://ecomento.tv/2014/08/12/kommt-der-bmw-i3-als-wasserstoffauto/
When will I be able to buy a hydrogen-fuelled vehicle?
The following vehicle manufacturers have already launched first hydrogen powered cars in Europe:
These companies are still working on their FCV:
What will a hydrogen-powered vehicle cost?
So far only Toyota and Hyundai have announced price details for their fuel cell cars. The Toyota Mirai will be available for around €50,000 in Japan. The market launch in Japan is being financially supported by the Government, with the same happening in the USA. The price in Germany will reach up to €79,000 euros as purchases are not subsidised. The ix35 FC SUV from Hyundai can already be bought in Germany for around €65,000.
How much will it cost to fill up with hydrogen?
The price to refuelling hydrogen is comparable to the one of a diesel vehicle: to cover 100 km one needs approximately 1 kg of hydrogen, available at the H2 station in Bozen at €11.29 per kg + VAT (driving 100 km with a diesel vehicle can cost up to €13.50 depending on the current diesel price).
How efficient is hydrogen technology?
Using the “well-to-wheel” efficiency comparison between locally-produced hydrogen and oil, hydrogen is overall already twice as energy-efficient as the petrol/diesel technology.
The overall efficiency of oil is approximately 14%, of diesel 20% (due to losses in transportation and low refinery efficiency), while the one of hydrogen is approximately 30% (calculated on the basis of the efficiency of hydropower plants of 90%, electricity transmission of 95%, electrolysis of 70% and fuel cell of 50%).